Patho wk4 Discussion Response
Heather and Jasmine have shared great insights on the occurrence and management of cardiovascular diseases. Year after year, people die from undiagnosed diseases such as cardiovascular and Myocardial Infarction (MI). Many times, physicians go without detecting the real problem until the patient is deceased (American Heart Association. 2018). Cardiovascular disease is among the most common reasons that send people to hospital admission (Hammer & McPhee, 2014). I agree with Heather that practitioners cannot ignore the importance of providing education for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. This must be followed by prompt diagnosis and treatment options available for managing the illness. On her part, Jasmine emphasized the need for understanding the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders. When diagnosed with a cardiovascular disorder or disease, it implies that a person’s heart and blood vessels such as arteries are arguably not functioning properly. In this case, other health conditions such as stroke (cerebrovascular accident), blood clots (thrombus) and heart attack (myocardial infarction) may develop over time (American Heart Association. 2018). When there is lack of proper blood flow in the vessels, the result is a clot or a thrombus. I would like to mention that it might lead to the accumulation of platelets and clotting factors, which renders it difficult for blood to flow through the veins (Mendoza, 2017).
MI alternatively referred to as heart attack, occurs when the blood flow transporting oxygen to the heart muscles is completely cut off (American Heart Association. 2018). I would like to add that the coronary arteries supply blood to fulfill the myocardium requirements. In case of an increase in the workload of the myocardium, the likely outcome is a dilation of healthy coronary arteries to increase the flow of oxygenated blood. If a coronary artery narrows by over 50%, it may damage blood flow, which in turn hampers cellular metabolism when myocardial demand rises (Huether & McCance, 2017).
American Heart Association. (2018). Retrieved from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/
Hammer, G.D. & McPhee, S.J. (2014). Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education
Huether, S.E., & McCance, K.L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology. (6th Ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
Mendoza, K. S. (2017). Optimizing Cardiovascular Care with Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists. Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 13(2), 156-161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2016.11.003